Questions? Feedback? powered by Olark live chat software

levels of editing

Not all projects require the same level of editorial intervention. In order to categorize and price our editorial work, we use the following set of editorial levels:


PROOFREADING

At this lightest level of text editing, your editor will correct typos, spelling errors, grammatical errors, and punctuation problems. The focus of this service is on correcting errors, not polishing or changing the text. This service does not include any editing for compliance with formatting requirements of your editor, publisher, or academic style sheet, but focuses exclusively on the text, which will be returned to you error free. 


COPYEDITING

At this moderate level of editing, your project will be proofread for typos and errors of spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Then your editor will go on to address the sentence structure, word-order, word choice, concision, and fluidity of the text. The focus of this service is on polishing the text for greatest impact upon the reader. This service does not include any editing for compliance with the formatting requirements of your editor, publisher, or academic style sheet, but focuses exclusively on the text, which will be returned to you in its best, most readable form.


FULL ACADEMIC EDITING

(For academic projects only.) Your dissertation, thesis, article, or book will be copyedited to remove errors and to polish your language to its best form. Then your document will be brought into precise conformity with your prevailing academic style sheet (i.e., APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, etc.) along with the guidelines of your college, university, or publisher. In addition, your in-text citations, footnotes, and endnotes will be cross-checked against your bibliography or reference list to ensure that there are no discrepancies. If there are problems with the structure or content of your project, these will be brought to your attention so that you may address them, but out of concern for academic integrity, your editor will not directly alter these substantive elements. Your document will also be submitted to a plagiarism review and the results of that review will be communicated to you so that you may address them. 


LINE EDITING

Unlike proofreading, which combs through your manuscript looking for errors, in a line edit, your editor will address the creative content and language of your book or short story. But unlike a developmental edit, in a line edit your editor will actually make direct line-by-line changes to your manuscript. At this level of editing, your editor will work to make the dialogue more believable, ensure the best POV choice, make the imagery more vivid, improve the pacing, polish the language--in short, do whatever is necessary to make your manuscript a more compelling read.  Because of the degree of editorial involvement at this level of editing, line editing is reserved for manuscripts and scripts that are in final draft.


DEVELOPMENTAL EDITING

So that substantive issues may be addressed in an economical way for manuscripts that are not in their final draft, this level of editing focuses on the structuring of the key elements of the manuscript without undertaking a line edit or copyedit of the text.

FOR ACADEMIC PROJECTS, this means commenting on the structure of the dissertation, thesis, article, or book and the effectiveness of its arguments, but without making any direct changes to the text.

FOR FICTION PROJECTSthis means attention to elements such as plot development, characters, dialogue, narrative, pacing, and point of view, with an eye toward creating a more vibrant, engaging, believable story. 

FOR NONFICTION PROJECTS, this means attention to elements such as fitting story to market, characters, dialogue, voice & tone, and imagery, resulting in a more compelling memoir, biography, or other nonfiction book.

 
 

The goal of the developmental edit is to provide detailed, substantive feedback to the author as s/he prepares to undertake a revision of the manuscript; it is not the goal of a developmental edit to accomplish this revision on its own. Once a developmental edit is completed and the author has had the opportunity to undertake a revision of the manuscript, the author will usually seek a copyedit or a comprehensive edit of the revised manuscript.


COMPREHENSIVE MANUSCRIPT EDITING

(For nonacademic projects only.) This level of editing is reserved for manuscripts that are in final draft. At this level, any remaining substantive issues should be minimal, and they are addressed with direct developmental changes to the text while a complete line edit of the manuscript is being done. The goal of comprehensive manuscript editing is to reach the final version of the manuscript.


ESL/EFL/ELL EDITING

If English is not your first language, your project will be placed in the hands of a native speaker of American English who is also a trained and certified ESL/EFL/ELL professional. Aware of the specific issues associated with ESL/EFL/ELL projects, your editor will comb through your text looking for elements of language that non-native English speakers frequently find challenging. They'll correct the problems and make helpful suggestions for further improvement while carrying out a thorough copyedit of your text.


In addition to editing services, Edits Made Easy offers low-cost assessments, academic formatting, and manuscript formatting, as well as ghostwriting services. Check out our Services page to see the wide array of services available for your project.